Background and 20th CenturyEdit
South Africa was dominated by native African tribes during the first couple of centuries after Africa was first formed. In the 17th Century, Dutch colonists colonized South Africa and many Dutch colonists settled in and eventually created the language of Afrikaans. In the 19th Century, the British came and took over Cape Colony and by 1820, British colonists began pooring in. South Africa was eventually turned into a British colony and became the Union of South Africa by 1910. Officially, it was independent, but remained part of the British Empire as a dominion for over fifty years. Sometime around 1969, the British Parliament began reforming their colonies first starting with Rhodesia and eventually made it South Africa where they merged the country with other neighboring territories and countries all into one single unified state.
That same year, the South African government called for independence and the government was reformed into a republic, but the country remained under British control as a protectorate. Three years later in 1972, the South African Independence Act was passed by the British parliament and South Africa became an independent nation and was fully recognized by the British and other nations as well. South Africa however, still maintained a system of apartheid and this caused many issues for the country leading to race riots, massacres, corruption, and international pressure to end the apartheid policy and regime. In the late 1970s, South American state began imposing sanctions on South Africa and it conly increased into the 1990s and by 1992, South Africa officially abolished apartheid in the Apartheid Abolition Act passed by the nation's parliament with virtually no opposition and Nelseon Mandela was elected into office as the State President of South Africa by 1993.
Early 21st Century Edit
The start of the 21st Century was one of hope in the eyes of the South African black population and mixed for the white population. Prior to the abolition of apartheid, the white population of South Africa enjoyed the highest standards of living and had the most power however, the loss of the apartheid regime and the rise of black politicians threatened many of them. Mandela promised to treat all South Africans fairy and managed to deliver on that promis easing racial tensions. In 2004 however, tensions rose again after President Thabo Mbeki was caught in a scandal where it was revealed that one of his administration members was funneling weapons to the Free Zimbabwe Movement in Rhodesia. The National Party ended up winning the most seats in parliament in response and Mbeki was impeached by the end of the year and was replaced by Sanders Visscher as the new State President.
In 2005, the South African Army was deployed to Rhodesia in support of the government against the insurgent forces of the Free Zimbabwe Movement. South African troops made it into the southern parts of the country and managed to help the Rhodesian Army regain lost ground and by 2007, the civil war ended and Rhodesia won and had the Free Zimbabwe Movement made illegal and officially disbanded. Many surviving members however, fled to South Africa and conspired against the South African government re-starting old racial tensions once again. Due to the control that the white Rhodesian population had over the nation's central government, many black South Africans felt as if the new government was embracing old apartheid-era policies and they began to march. State President Sanders had stated that he had no racial bias and simply wanted to stop the conflict from spreading to South Africa, but this did very little to apease the protesters and they called for his resignation.